Persian scientists contributed to the current understanding of nature, medicine, mathematics, and philosophy. Persians made important contributions to algebra and chemistry, invented the wind-power machine, and the first distillation of alcohol.
They have developed some very important concepts in the field of mathematics which have proved to be very useful in doing certain mathematical calculations.
The contribution of Mesopotamia in the field of mathematics can be seen in the form of the sexagesimal system developed by them. It is a system which was used for the purpose of calculation of time and angles. This system is still widely used because of the multiple divisibility of the number Another contribution of Mesopotamia is in the form of zodiac and its signs.
Another being the Greek days of 12"double-hours". Contribution of Mesopotamia in the Field of Literature The contribution of Mesopotamia in the field of literature had been remarkable.
The 'cuneiform literature' had been the most appreciated contribution of Mesopotamia in the field of literature. However, 'cuneiform literature' had not been resurrected to the extent it deserves. There were many reasons for it.
The main reason was the inadequate knowledge of the languages and the insufficient acquaintance with the vocabulary. Contributions of Mesopotamia in the Field of Science There are remarkable contributions by Mesopotamia in the field of science as well.
The science of Mesopotamia was characterized by endless, meticulous enumeration ordering into columns and series, ancient-mesopotamia-science-and-technology.
Ancient Mesopotamian Achievements Another contribution of Mesopotamia was in the field of Legal Theory which flourished to a very great extent during the Mesopotamian time. There were several collections of legal decisions, the so-called codes, amongst which the best known is 'Code of Hammurabi'.
These codes contained the concern of the ruler for the weak, the widow, the orphan etc.Significant advances in ancient Egypt included astronomy, mathematics and medicine. Their geometry was a necessary outgrowth of surveying to preserve the layout and ownership of farmland, which was flooded annually by the Nile river.
Babylonian astronomy was the basis for much of ancient Greek mathematics and astronomy, which in turn was the historical predecessor of the scientific revolution in the west. A Babylonian Almanac mentioning future positions of the planets.
Predynastic Era, Median Dynasty.
· Astronomy - The techniques of astronomy: achievements of persia in mathematics and astronomy in Soltaniyeh, Timurid, Persia interested in Ulugh Beg's achievements in mathematics and of astronomy, Ulugh Beg began building a. The Islamic Empire established across Persia, the Middle East, Central Asia, North Africa, Iberia and parts of India from the 8th Century onwards made significant contributions towards mathematics.
They were able to draw on and fuse together the mathematical developments of both Greece and India. Beginning in ancient times Persia has been a center of scientific achievement and was often the conduit of knowledge from China and India in the East to Greece and Rome in the West.
Although Arabic remains the primary language used for scientific writing in the Islamic world, many scholars have also produced a range of scientific manuscripts and works in the Persian language.
Astronomy Using their advanced math, the Mesopotamian astronomers were able to follow the movements of the stars, planets, and the Moon. One major achievement was the ability to predict the movements of several planets.