An analysis of 2000 presidential campaigns thoughts in united states of america

Data from Eisenhower through George H. Because some earlier data did not include partisan leaning, Republicans and Democrats in this graphic do not include leaners.

An analysis of 2000 presidential campaigns thoughts in united states of america

Results[ edit ] Results by county explicitly indicating the percentage of the winning candidate in each county. Shades of blue are for Jefferson Democratic-Republican and shades of yellow are for Adams Federalist. Tennessee was admitted into the United States after the election, increasing the Electoral College to electors.

Under the system in place prior to the ratification of the Twelfth Amendmentelectors were to cast votes for two persons. Both votes were for president; the runner-up in the presidential race was elected vice-president.

If no candidate won votes from a majority of the Electoral College, the House of Representatives would a hold contingent election to select the winner. Each party intended to manipulate the results by having some of their electors cast one vote for the intended presidential candidate and one vote for somebody besides the intended vice-presidential candidate, leaving their vice-presidential candidate a few votes shy of their presidential candidate.

Evolution of Election Polling in the United States | Public Opinion Quarterly | Oxford Academic

However, all electoral votes were cast on the same day, and communications between states were extremely slow at that time, making it very difficult to coordinate which electors were to manipulate their vote for vice-president.

Additionally, there were rumors that southern electors pledged to Jefferson were coerced by Hamilton to give their second vote to Pinckney in hope of electing him president instead of Adams. Campaigning centered in the swing states of New York and Pennsylvania. The Federalists swept every state north of the Mason-Dixon linewith the exception of Pennsylvania.

An analysis of 2000 presidential campaigns thoughts in united states of america

However, one Pennsylvanian elector voted for Adams. The Democratic-Republicans won the votes of most Southern electors, but the electors of Maryland and Delaware gave a majority of their votes to Federalist candidates, while North Carolina and Virginia both gave Adams one electoral vote. Nationwide, most electors voted for Adams and a second Federalist or for Jefferson and a second Democratic-Republican, but there were several exceptions to this rule.

One elector in Maryland voted for both Adams and Jefferson, and two electors cast votes for Washington, who had not campaigned and was not formally affiliated with either party.

An analysis of 2000 presidential campaigns thoughts in united states of america

Pinckney won the second votes from a majority of the electors who voted for Adams, but 21 electors from New England and Maryland cast their second votes for other candidates, including Chief Justice Oliver Ellsworth.

Those who voted for Jefferson were significantly less united in their second choice, though Burr won a plurality of the Jefferson electors. All eight electors in Pinckney's home state of South Carolina, as well as at least one elector in Pennsylvania, cast their ballots for Jefferson and Pinckney.

In North Carolina, Jefferson won 11 votes, but the remaining 13 votes were spread among six different candidates from both parties. If any two of the three Adams electors in Pennsylvania, Virginia, and North Carolina had voted with the rest of their states, it would have flipped the election.

Jefferson received 68 votes, nine more than Pinckney, and was elected vice president. Burr finished in a distant fourth place with 30 votes.

Nine other individuals received the remaining 48 electoral votes. If Pinckney had won the second votes of all of the New England electors who voted for Adams, he would have been elected president over Adams and Jefferson.Before public opinion polling took hold in presidential campaigns (and eventually campaigns for offices at almost all levels), candidates relied on the local party structure to assess the wants and needs of the electorate (Kernell ).

By the s, public opinion polls were central to campaign strategy, used to determine which issues to. Ann Arbor (Informed Comment) - Racism is so pervasive in the United States, and white power elites work so hard to stigmatize minorities, that the dominant racists are even sometimes able to marginalize senior white males on grounds of their association with those minorities.

It was during Republican primary campaign. I wrote last year. Request PDF on ResearchGate | Media Bias in Presidential Elections: A Meta-Analysis | A meta-analysis considered 59 quantitative studies containing data concerned with partisan media bias in presidential election campaigns since Established in This is a research site with the history of the wars, costs, failed strategies, lies, ignorance and arrogance which are bankrupting America and undermining our Republic.

The United States presidential election of was the third quadrennial presidential was held from Friday, November 4 to Wednesday, December 7, It was the first contested American presidential election, the first presidential election in which political parties played a dominant role, and the only presidential election in which a president and vice president were elected.

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