Spanish Civil War The bombing of Guernica induring the Spanish Civil Warsparked Europe-wide fears that the next war would be based on bombing of cities with very high civilian casualties. When civil war broke out in Spain, Hitler and Mussolini lent military support to the Nationalist rebelsled by General Francisco Franco. The Soviet Union supported the existing government, the Spanish Republic.
They held war crimes trials to determine what crimes had been committed and who was responsible. Many German and Japanese leaders were executed for their actions during the war. The Nuremberg trials Source: US Government What is a war crime?
At first you may think that there are no laws where war is concerned.
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|Declassified CIA Documents Suggest The Nazis Successfully Built UFOs - Stillness in the Storm||Twenty-four former Nazi officials were tried, and when it was all over, one year later, half would be sentenced to death by hanging. These trials of accused war criminals were authorized by the London Agreement, signed in August by the United States, Great Britain, the Soviet Unionand the provisional government of France.|
Each side is trying to kill each other so anything goes. However, the world has established that some things are not okay even during war.
These rules are put forth in agreements such as the Geneva Convention. Actions that are considered war crimes include actions such as killing or mistreating prisoners of war, killing civilians, bombing cities and towns with no military objective, and killing hostages.
During World War II many countries violated these basic laws of war. There were also "crimes against humanity" like the Holocaust in Germany.
Hermann Goering on Trial Source: These trials took place in the German city of Nuremberg and looked to punish 23 of the most powerful Nazi leaders for the crimes they committed during the war. Twelve of these men were found guilty and sentenced to death.
The most famous leader brought to trial was Japanese Prime Minister Hideki Tojo who was found guilty of several crimes and was executed. The Tokyo Trials lasted for three years.
The Emperor of Japan, Hirohito, was not put on trial. He was allowed to continue as a figurehead by General MacArthur in order to maintain peace and stability in Japan.
In Germany, trials were held at many of the German concentration camps punishing the leaders and doctors who ran the camps. The Nuremberg Trials were called "the greatest trial in history" by one of the British judges. Several Nazi doctors were put on trial for crimes against humanity including the mass killings of people based on race as well as the handicapped.
They also conducted medical experiments on people.
Some Nazi war criminals were able to escape to other countries and remain hidden for years. People known as "Nazi Hunters" spent much of their lives tracking the criminals down in hopes of bringing them to justice. Activities Take a ten question quiz about this page.On this day in , Turkey announces neutrality in the widening world urbanagricultureinitiative.com was precariously positioned, prime real estate for both the Soviet Union to the north and the Axis Powers to the west.
American Military Aviation in the Interwar Years and After: Some Historical Reappraisals. Posted on Thu, June 13, (“The Blitz” and later the V-Weapons attacks) during World War II. In the actual warfare of WWII, the precise, clean warfare envisioned by the interwar year strategic bombing theorists ran up against the contingencies.
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The detonation of nuclear weapons tarnished the notion of World War II as "The Good War." President Harry S. Truman's decision to drop atomic bombs on Japan was called both moral and just, as well as one of the worst crimes against humanity, equal to or more heinous than the Nazi Holocaust.
U.S. History Ch. Practice Test. World War 2. STUDY. During World War II, women and minorities made economic gains mainly because A. a shortage of traditional labor created new opportunities in the workplace A. Western Europe recovered from the damage caused by World War I.
civilians and caused tremendous damage. The Holocaust claimed the lives of an estimated six in Austria, the site of a Nazi concentration camp during World War II.
Key inquiry questions What were the causes of World War II and what course did it take?