James Joyce 's novel Ulysses bears an intertextual relationship to Homer 's Odyssey. Julia Kristeva was the first to coin the term "intertextuality" in an attempt to synthesize Ferdinand de Saussure 's semiotics —his study of how signs derive their meaning within the structure of a text—with Bakhtin's dialogism —his theory which suggests a continual dialogue with other works of literature and other authors—and his examination of the multiple meanings, or " heteroglossia ", in each text especially novels and in each word.
Antoinette and her family are isolated, socially and geographically. The complexity of Caribbean racial dynamics is introduced. This makes Annette Creole, while the Jamaican ladies that Antoinette mentions are of English descent.
Instead, Antoinette addresses the reader as if we are insiders who would understand these distinctions naturally. This mode of address is a central feature of her narration, and it means that many key truths are implied rather than stated directly.
Here we are similarly left to deduce that her father is dead, and that the deteriorating roads are a consequence of a diminished workforce in the wake of Emancipation. Active Themes Antoinette overhears her mother one day speaking to Mr.
He laments the delayed arrival of the financial compensation that white former slaveowners such as himself were promised as part of the Emancipation Act of Not long after, Mr. His property is left abandoned, pronounced unlucky by local whites and considered by the black population to be haunted.
Annette is left completely friendless after Mr. The parallel superstitions of the white and black populations regarding Mr. Annette in particular is increasingly vulnerable, having now lost the protection and support of both her husband and the only other white man she trusted.
When the horse is discovered later by their servant and former slave, Godfrey, it is clear that it has been poisoned by their black neighbors. He knew what they were going to do. Rather than declare his loyalties one way or the other, Godfrey attempts to remain neutral. The complicated connection between words and truth plays a major role in the novel.
Antoinette is never told what the doctor says during this visit-- she knows only that afterward her mother descends into a depression, and refuses to leave the house. Annette instructs Antoinette repeatedly to leave her alone, and begins to talk to herself, which frightens Antoinette.
When Annette does stand outside of the houseto look at the sea, she is gawked at by passersby. Antoinette describes how the gardens at Coulibri during this time are allowed to grow beautiful and wild from neglect, without anyone to work on them now that slavery has ended. She remarks on the smell of dead flowers mixed in with the fragrance of living ones.
The garden and the natural world are introduced as a refuge for Antoinette as well as a symbol for the tension between order and freedom that pervades the novel.
The garden, like Antoinette, is being left in neglect by its caretakers. While it is free to grow beautiful and wild, it is also permeated with decay. To avoid her mother, Antoinette begins to spend most of her time with her nurse Christophine.
Christophine is also from Martinique, and therefore just as isolated in the black community as Annette and Antoinette are among white society.
Antoinette describes her distinctly Martinique songs and attire.Wide Sargasso Sea Criticism Jean Rhys This Study Guide consists of approximately 81 pages of chapter summaries, quotes, character analysis, themes, and more - everything you need to sharpen your knowledge of Wide Sargasso Sea.
It's all in Jean Rhys's Wide Sargasso Sea, and it's widely considered a literary classic. How could this be, you ask?
How could this be, you ask? Jean Rhys first read Charlotte Brontë's Jane Eyre in , when she arrived in England as a teenager.
English Literature Essays, literary criticism on many authors, links to internet resources and bookshop.
An introduction to Wide Sargasso Sea by Jean Rhys. Learn about the book and the historical context in which it was written. Introduction & Overview of Wide Sargasso Sea. Jean Rhys.
Sea caught the immediate attention of critics, won the prestigious W. H. Smith Award and Heinemann Award, and earned Rhys a place in the literary canon.
Introduction to Wide Sargasso Sea. Most famous for her novel, Wide Sargasso Sea, a postcolonial novel that serves as a hypothetical prequel to Jane Eyre, Jean Rhys was born in Dominica and moved. Jean Rhys World Literature Analysis - Essay. Rhys wrote her Wide Sargasso Sea as a defense of the transplanted Creole woman locked away in England and looking for a voice to tell her side of.