An introduction to the origins and history of the greek theater

Standards Views of the Origin of Greek Drama The standard views of the origin of Greek drama and theatre center for the most part around three distinct and incompatible pieces of data:

An introduction to the origins and history of the greek theater

Many of the great tragedies extant today were prize-winning works by Aeschylus b. Although the exact origins of Greek drama cannot be known with absolute certainty, most scholars believe its roots can be traced to the worship of Dionysus, the god of fertility and wine.

An introduction to the origins and history of the greek theater

Members of the cult of Dionysus practiced assorted religious rituals, including the dithyramb, possibly as far back as b. Although scholars do not fully understand the dithyramb, they speculate that the ritual involved a type of choric poetry, accompanied by dancers and flute playing.

The choir, which numbered fifty persons, assumed roles of satyrs and maenads in honor of Dionysus. The cult and its rituals spread widely over the centuries, until most of Greece celebrated it. And as it spread across the nation, religious elements diminished and theatrical elements were expanded.

In the sixth century b. Nowhere was this activity more prominent than in Athens, the densely populated cultural center of Greece.

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Sometime during the 6th century, a synthesis was achieved: His name was Thespis and, in asserting his individuality from the rest of the choir, he became the first actor.

In Thespis won first place in the drama competition at Athens's magnificent religious festival called the City Dionysia, which had been established four years earlier and would soon become an annual event.

Scholars differ in their assessments regarding the nature of these very early plays, with some calling them little more than choric, and others deeming them fledgling tragedies. The satyr-play, which served as raucous, comic relief after the performance of three serious dramas in a row, first appeared in b.

The scale of the theater grew rapidly: Of the playwrights mentioned above, Aeschylus is credited with refining drama into an art form.

His first victory in the City Dionysia was in and he dominated the event for decades. He introduced the second actor on stage and this enabled an expanded story line, with more potential for conflict and dramatic situations.

His work made great use of myth and legend and he included gods among his main characters. The second great writer of tragedy was Sophocles. His first victory in the City Dionysia contest was in ; Sophocles was the first significant competitor to Aeschylus and is responsible for introducing three actors on stage at the same time.

He did not neglect the potential of the ensemble and is noted for advancing characterization to a previously unheard of level. His irony-laced tragedies stress human interaction with other humans more so than relations between humans and gods.

The last of the great Greek tragedians was Euripides, who first competed in Sep 03,  · The term Ancient, or Archaic, Greece refers to the time three centuries before the classical age, between B.C.

and B.C.—a relatively sophisticated period . Introduction to Theatre -- Ancient Greek Theatre: A module covering a variety of objectives related to Greek theater, including its origins, qualities, tragedy plays, satire plays, comedies, and actor dynamics.

Greek Theater History Notes All drama originates from Ancient Greece where groups of people worshiped the god Dionysus by singing and dancing together.

Introduction, Theatre and History Classical Drama and Theatre

• The Standard View of the Origin of Greek Drama Chapter Origins of Greek Theatre Modern Theories about the Origin of Greek Drama • Herodotus So, in other respects the Sicyonians used to honor Adrastus but particularly with respect to his sufferings.

Greek Comedy - Origins. The precise origins of Greek comedy plays are lost in the mists of prehistory, but the activity of men dressing as and mimicking others must . Our interest in the theater connects us intimately with the ancient Greeks and Romans.

An introduction to the origins and history of the greek theater

Nearly every Greek and Roman city of note had an open-air theater, the seats arranged in tiers with a lovely view of the surrounding landscape.

History of the Greek Theatre | Greek Theatre