With the rich toolset offered by incremental learning, all reading, learning, viewing, archiving, and annotation functions can be delegated to SuperMemo. This goes far beyond standard learning and includes personal notes, home videos, lectures available in audio and video formats, YouTube material, family photo-albums, diaries, audio files, scanned paper materials, etc.
Chklovskii Also see Neuronal network of C. More recently, full analysis of the data can be found by Varshney, Chen, Paniaqua, Hall and Chklovskii in "Structural properties of the C.
Feb 3, 3: Any publication made utilizing the following data should make a reference to this paper. Correspondence should be addressed to bethlchen at yahoo. Pivotal works published by White et al, and Hall and Russell, had provided neuronal circuitry in the head and tail, but lacked connection details for 58 motor neurons in the ventral cord of the worm.
Most of the missing data for this region is now compiled by using original electron micrographs EM and handwritten notes from White and co-workers.
The dorsal side of the worm around the mid-body was not previously documented. The new version of the wiring diagram incorporates original data from White et al,new reconstructions, as well as updates based upon later work Hobert and Hall, ; and Durbin, R.
Inconsistencies within the data were reconciled by checking against original EM and handwritten notes from White and co-workers. Due to rather sparse sampling of data along lengths of the sub-lateral, canal-associated lateral, and mid-body dorsal cords, connectivity ambiguities for a select few neurons remain.
The current wiring diagram is considered self-consistent under the following criteria: From our compilation of wiring data, including new reconstructions of ventral cord motor neurons, we applied the above criteria to isolate records with mismatched reciprocal records.
Connections in the posterior region of the animal were also cross-referenced with reconstructions published by Hall and Russell, Please refer to White et al, for neuron naming conventions. Neuromuscular junctions in this file derive from actual reconstructions and do not include extrapolations see Neuron Connectivity to Sensory Organs and Muscles below.
Labels are as follows: Neuron 1 name N2: Neuron 2 name Type: Send or output Neuron 1 pre-synaptic to Neuron 2 ; Sp: Send-poly Neuron 1 is pre-synaptic to more than one postsynaptic partner. Neuron 2 is just one of these post-synaptic neurons, see Figure 1 below. Receive or input Neuron 1 is post-synaptic to Neuron 2 ; Rp: Receive-poly Neuron 1 is one of several post-synaptic partners of Neuron 2.
See Figure 1 and above ; EJ: Neuromuscular junction only reconstructed NMJ's are represented. Reconciliation of chemical synapses did not previously distinguish between send from send-poly and receive from receive-poly. Every documented synapse is now listed in this Table, both with respect to the sending neuron and with respect to the receiving neuron s.
Number of synapses between the given neuron pair. Polyadic synapses are those where more than one postsynaptic partner receive input at one release site.
Postsynaptic partners can include other neurons, muscle arms muArm and rarely hypodermis synapses onto hypodermis are not included in this dataset analysis. A synapse with one postsynaptic partner.
A dyadic synaptic site. No specialization is generally visible for post-synaptic elements.The incremental learning derives its name from the incremental nature of the learning process. In incremental learning, all facets of knowledge receive a regular treatment, and there is a regular inflow of new knowledge that builds upon the past knowledge.
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Fig 3: Schematic of the anterior-most body muscles (head muscles) in the dorsal left quadrant. Red stars mark the anterior and posterior extremities of the sarcomere region of muscle cell #6.
The position of the cell is defined as the midpoint of these two points projected onto the .