The industrialization and urbanization of South Korea have brought many changes to Korean's lives. In the past, most people lived in small rural areas. Changes in lifestyles have led many young people to leave the rural farming areas to find new opportunities in the cities particularly Seoul.
In South Korea politicized regionalism has emerged between the southeastern Kyongsang Province and southwestern regions Cholla Province since the late s as a result of an uneven pattern of development that benefits people in the southeast.
South Korea occupies the southern half of the Korean peninsula, which protrudes about miles 1, kilometers southward from the Eurasian landmass between Soviet Siberia in the northeast and Chinese Manchuria to the north. About three thousand islands belong to Korea, among which the Province of Cheju Island is the largest.
The total area of the peninsula, including the islands, is about 85, square milessquare kilometersof which about 45 percent or about 38, square miles 99, square kilometers constitutes the territory of South Korea. Geopolitically, the peninsula is surrounded on three sides by the sea and by Russia, China, and Japan.
Korea has suffered from the attempts of these neighboring countries to dominate it, particularly in the twentieth century. Each of them considers Korea to be of major importance to its own security, and since the United States has had a major security interest in the nation.
Subsequently, the Military Demarcation Line established by the Armistice Agreement of to bring Essays on korean culture cease-fire to the Korean War — replaced the boundary. Korea is mountainous, and only about 20 percent of the land in the south is flat enough for farming.
Seoul, the capital, is in the northwestern part of the country on the Han River, which flows toward the Yellow Sea.
Seoul was first established as the walled capital of the Choson Dynasty in Before Japan colonized Korea inSeoul was the first city in east Asia to have electricity, trolley cars, a water system, telephones, and telegraphs.
Seoul has grown into a metropolis of more than ten million residents. The palaces, shrines, and other vestiges of the Choson Dynasty are still prominent features of the city north of the Han River, serving as major tourist attractions. In the last few decades, the area south of the Han River has built trendy commercial centers and high-rise condominium South Korea complexes for the middle and upper-middle classes.
Inthe population was Since the mids, when Korea stabilized at a low level of fertility, remarkably high sex ratios at birth have resulted from son-selective reproductive behaviors such as prenatal sex screening and sex-selective abortion.
Another notable demographic trend is the increasing ratio of the elderly: About seventy million people speak Korean.
Most live on the peninsula, but more than five million live across the globe. Korean is considered part of the Tungusic branch of the Altaic group of the Ural-Altaic language family.
It also has a close relationship to Japanese in general structure, grammar, and vocabulary. The form of Korean spoken around Seoul is regarded as standard. Major dialects differ mainly in accent and intonation.
Except for old Cheju dialect, all are mutually intelligible. The Chinese writing system requires a basic knowledge of several thousand characters. Commoners who did not have the time or means to master Chinese could not read or write.
Moreover, it is difficult to express spoken Korean in Chinese characters. Considering the frustrating situation of mass illiteracy and troubled by the incongruity between spoken Korean and Chinese ideographs, King Sejong —the fourth ruler — of the Choson Dynasty, commissioned a group of scholars to devise a phonetic writing system that would represent the sounds of spoken Korean and could be learned by all the people.
The system was created in and promulgated in In the center of a white background is a circle divided horizontally in two by an S-shaped line. The upper portion in red represents the yangand the lower portion in blue symbolizes the um yin in Chinesedepicting the yinyang principle of a universe in perfect balance and harmony.
The four trigrams at the corners of the flag also express the ideas of opposites and balance. The three unbroken lines in the upper left corner represent heaven while the three broken lines placed diagonally in the lower right corner represent the earth.
The trigram in the upper right corner represents water, while the one placed diagonally at the lower left corner represents fire.The Archive has uploaded many a notable film, including Im Kwon-taek's Sopyonje, which surprised the country by both rekindling interest in the traditional music of pansori and by breaking box-office records despite playing on only three screens.
The Korean Film Archive offers three more films by Im, one of Korean cinema's most respected elder statesmen, and nine other films from the nineties. Welcome to HIKEKOREA.
Hike Korea is a foreign owned travel company registered in Korea that specialize's in highlighting for visitor's to Korea its more unique attractions outside its urban districts. East Asian Studies. East Asian Studies Specialist | East Asian Studies Major | East Asian Studies Minor; East Asian Studies Courses; Faculty Professors Emeriti S.
East Asian Studies. East Asian Studies Specialist | East Asian Studies Major | East Asian Studies Minor; East Asian Studies Courses; Faculty Professors Emeriti S.
A list of available books about Korean cinema. The following is a list of the books on Korean cinema which are available over the internet. To say that most political discussions on social media lack nuance seems tantamount to pointing out that most pornography lacks romance.
The thrusts, parries, and asides of the Facebook comment skirmish and the Twitterfight generally constitute performative .