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Middle Ages[ edit ] Kiel Fjord and Kiel as a village was probably first settled by Vikings who wanted to colonise the land which they had raided, and for many years they settled in German villages. This is evidenced by the geography and architecture of the fjord. Being a part of Holstein, Kiel belonged to the Holy Roman Empire and was situated only a few kilometres south of the Danish border.
Inthe Kieler Umschlag trade fair was first held, which became the central market for goods and money in Schleswig-Holstein, until it began to lose significance from on, being held for the last time inuntil recently, when it has been restarted. Port and Kiel Fjord.
From tothe town belonged to the king of Denmark. However, because the king ruled Holstein as a fief of the Holy Roman Empire only through a personal unionthe town was not incorporated as part of Denmark proper.
Thus Kiel belonged to Germany, but it was ruled by the Danish king. Even though the empire was abolished inthe Danish king continued to rule Kiel only through his position as Duke of Holstein, which became a member of the German Confederation in After the war, Kiel was briefly administered by both the Austrians and the Prussians, but the Austro-Prussian War in led to the formation of the Province of Schleswig-Holstein and the annexation of Kiel by Prussia in The Imperial shipyard Kiel was established in in the town.
Emperor Wilhelm II became its commodore in Because of its new role as Germany's main naval base, Kiel very quickly increased in size in the following years, from 18, in to aboutin Much of the old town centre and other surroundings were levelled and redeveloped to provide for the growing city.
Kiel was the site of the sailors' mutiny which sparked the German Revolution in late Just before the end of the First World War, the German fleet stationed at Kiel was ordered to be sent out on a last great battle with the Royal Navy.
The sailors, who thought of this as a suicide mission which would have no effect on the outcome of the war, decided they had nothing to lose and refused to leave the safety of the port. The sailors' actions and the lack of response of the government to them, fuelled by an increasingly critical view of the Kaiser, sparked a revolution which caused the abolition of the monarchy and the creation of the Weimar Republic.
There was also a slave labour camp for the local industry. InKiel was named the seat of government for Schleswig-Holsteinand it officially became the state's capital in Today, Kiel is once again an important maritime centre of Germany, with high-tech shipbuilding, submarine construction and one of the three leading institutions in the field of marine sciences in Europe, the IFM-GEOMAR.
The Kieler Umschlag is another festival, which has been taking place again since Kiel is also home to a large service sector and a number of research institutions including the University of Kielwhich is the oldest, largest, and most prestigious university in the state.Kiel (German: (listen)) is the capital and most populous city in the northern German state of Schleswig-Holstein, with a population of , ()..
Kiel lies approximately 90 kilometres (56 mi) north of urbanagricultureinitiative.com to its geographic location in the north of Germany, the southeast of the Jutland peninsula and the southwestern shore of the Baltic Sea, Kiel has become one of the major.
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