Benjamin Franklin was a scientist, diplomat, and inventor. He was born on January 17,in Boston.
Josiah wanted Ben to attend school with the clergy, but only had enough money to send him to school for two years. He attended Boston Latin School but did not graduate; he continued his education through voracious reading.
Although "his parents talked of the church as a career"  for Franklin, his schooling ended when he was ten. He worked for his father for a time, and at 12 he became an apprentice to his brother James, a printer, who taught Ben the printing trade.
When Ben was 15, James founded The New-England Courantwhich was the first truly independent newspaper in the colonies. When denied the chance to write a letter to the paper for publication, Franklin adopted the pseudonym of " Silence Dogood ", a middle-aged widow.
Franklin was an advocate of free speech from an early age. When his brother was jailed for three weeks in for publishing material unflattering to the governor, young Franklin took over the newspaper and had Mrs.
When he first arrived, he worked in several printer shops around town, but he was not satisfied by the immediate prospects. After a few months, while working in a printing house, Franklin was convinced by Pennsylvania Governor Sir William Keith to go to London, ostensibly to acquire the equipment necessary for establishing another newspaper in Philadelphia.
Following this, he returned to Philadelphia in with the help of Thomas Denham, a merchant who employed Franklin as clerk, shopkeeper, and bookkeeper in his business. The members created a library initially assembled from their own books after Franklin wrote: Franklin conceived the idea of a subscription librarywhich would pool the funds of the members to buy books for all to read.
This was the birth of the Library Company of Philadelphia: InFranklin hired the first American librarian, Louis Timothee. The Library Company is now a great scholarly and research library. InFranklin had set up a printing house in partnership with Hugh Meredith ; the following year he became the publisher of a newspaper called The Pennsylvania Gazette.
The Gazette gave Franklin a forum for agitation about a variety of local reforms and initiatives through printed essays and observations. Over time, his commentary, and his adroit cultivation of a positive image as an industrious and intellectual young man, earned him a great deal of social respect.
InBen Franklin published the first German-language newspaper in America — Die Philadelphische Zeitung — although it failed after only one year, because four other newly founded German papers quickly dominated the newspaper market.
Although Franklin apparently reconsidered shortly thereafter, and the phrases were omitted from all later printings of the pamphlet, his views may have played a role in his political defeat in Despite his own moral lapses, Franklin saw himself as uniquely qualified to instruct Americans in morality.
He tried to influence American moral life through construction of a printing network based on a chain of partnerships from the Carolinas to New England. Franklin thereby invented the first newspaper chain. It was more than a business venture, for like many publishers since, he believed that the press had a public-service duty.
Franklin quickly did away with all this when he took over the Instructor and made it The Pennsylvania Gazette. From the first, he had a way of adapting his models to his own uses.
The thrifty Patience, in her busy little shop, complaining of the useless visitors who waste her valuable time, is related to the ladies who address Mr. And a number of the fictitious characters, Ridentius, Eugenius, Cato, and Cretico, represent traditional 18th-century classicism.
Franklin was busy with a hundred matters outside of his printing office, and never seriously attempted to raise the mechanical standards of his trade. Nor did he ever properly edit or collate the chance medley of stale items that passed for news in the Gazette.
His influence on the practical side of journalism was minimal. Undoubtedly his paper contributed to the broader culture that distinguished Pennsylvania from her neighbors before the Revolution.
Like many publishers, Franklin built up a book shop in his printing office; he took the opportunity to read new books before selling them. After the second editor died, his widow Elizabeth Timothy took over and made it a success, — Editor Peter Timothy avoided blandness and crude bias, and after increasingly took a patriotic stand in the growing crisis with Great Britain.
He became Grand Master inindicating his rapid rise to prominence in Pennsylvania. Franklin remained a Freemason for the rest of his life. Perhaps because of the circumstances of this delay, Deborah married a man named John Rodgers.Free research papers, free research paper samples and free example research projects on Benjamin Franklin topics are plagiarized.
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