Sociology deviance

Deviance, in sociologyviolation of social rules and conventions. He argued that deviance is a basis for change and innovationand it is also a way of defining or clarifying important social norms. Reasons for deviance vary, and different explanations have been proposed.

Sociology deviance

Many sociological definitions of deviance simply elaborate upon this Sociology deviance. Thus deviance consists of those areas which do not follow the norms and expectations of a particular social group.

Deviance may be positively sanctioned rewardednegatively sanctioned punishedor simply accepted without reward or punishment. In terms of the above definition of deviance, the soldier on the battlefield who risks his life above and beyond the normal call of duty may be termed deviant, as the physicist who breaks the rules of his discipline and develops a new theory.

Their deviance may be positively sanctioned; the soldier might be rewarded with a medal, the physicist with a Noble prize.

In one sense, though, neither is deviant since both conform to the values of society, the soldier to the value of courage; the physicist to the value of academic progress. By comparison, a murderer deviates not only from society's norms and expectations but also from its values, in particular the Sociology deviance placed on human life.

His deviance generally results in widespread disapproval and punishment. A third form of deviance consists of acts which depart from the norms and expectations of a particular society but are generally tolerated and accepted.

The little old lady with a house full of cats or the old gentleman with an obsession for collecting clocks would fall into this category. Usually their eccentricities are neither rewarded nor punished by others. They are simply defined as a 'bit odd' but harmless, and therefore tolerated.

Sociological perspectives

This means that there is no absolute way of defining a deviant act. Deviance can only be defined in relation to a particular standard, but no standards are fixed or absolute. As such deviance varies from time to time and place to place.

In a particular society an act which is considered deviant today may be defined as normal in the future. An act defined as deviant in one society may be seen as perfectly normal in another.

Put another way, deviance is culturally determined and cultures change over time and vary from society to society. The following examples will serve to illustrate the above points. Sometimes ago in Western society it had been considered deviant for women to smoke, use make-up and consume alcoholic drinks in public.

Today this is no longer the case. In the same way, definitions of crime change over time.

Deviance, Basic Concepts of Sociology Guide

Homosexuality was formerly a criminal offence in Britain. Sincehowever, homosexual acts conducted between consenting adults in private are no longer illegal.

A comparison of modern Western culture with the traditional culture of the Teton Sioux Indians of the USA illustrates how deviance varies from society to society. As part of their religions rituals during the annual Sun Dance Ceremony Sioux Warriors mutilated their bodies, leather thongs were inserted through strips of flesh on the chest and attached to a central pole, and warriors had to break free by tearing their flesh and in return they were granted favors by the supernatural powers.

Similar actions by members of Western society may well be viewed as masochism or madness. In the same way behaviour accepted as normal in Western society may be defined as deviant within primitive society. In the West the private ownership of property is an established norm; members of society strive to accumulate wealth and substantial property holding brings power and prestige.Deviance | Boundless Sociology - Lumen Learning.

Thus deviance consists of those areas which do not follow the norms and expectations of a particular social group. Deviance may be positively sanctioned (rewarded), negatively sanctioned (punished), or simply accepted without reward or punishment.

Deviance, to a sociologist, means deviating from the norm and can be biased toward the positive or negative. There are three main ways to look at deviance from a sociological perspective.

Sociology deviance

Deviance is therefore not a set of characteristics of individuals or groups, but rather it is a process of interaction between deviants and non-deviants and the context in which criminality is defined.

In sociology, deviance describes an action or behavior that violates social norms, including a formally enacted rule (e.g., crime), as well as informal violations of social norms (e.g., rejecting folkways and mores).

Although deviance may have a negative connotation, the violation of social norms is not always a negative action; positive .

Deviance is therefore not a set of characteristics of individuals or groups, but rather it is a process of interaction between deviants and non-deviants and the context in which criminality is defined.

Deviance (sociology) - Wikipedia