It examines when people accept inequality and when they challenge it. Findings from the study were first broadcast by the BBC in
Save Plaque at the location of the Stanford prison experiment The Stanford Prison Experiment SPE was a social psychology experiment that attempted to investigate the psychological effects of perceived power, focusing on the struggle between prisoners and prison officers.
It was conducted at Stanford University between August 14—20,by a research group led by psychology professor Philip Zimbardo using college students.
Several "prisoners" left mid-experiment, and the whole experiment was abandoned after six days. Early reports on experimental results claimed that students quickly embraced their assigned roles, with some guards enforcing authoritarian measures and ultimately subjecting some prisoners to psychological torturewhile many prisoners passively accepted psychological abuse and, by the officers' request, actively harassed other prisoners who tried to stop it.
The experiment has been described in many introductory social psychology textbooks, although some are beginning to exclude it because its methodology is questioned. Office of Naval Research  funded the experiment as an investigation into the causes of difficulties between guards and prisoners in the United States Navy and United States Marine Corps.
Certain portions of it were filmed, and excerpts of footage are publicly available. Some of the experiment's findings have been called into question, and the experiment has been criticized for unscientific methodology and possible fraud.
Zimbardo's goals The archived official website of the Stanford Prison Experiment describes the experiment goal as follows: We wanted to see what the psychological effects were of becoming a prisoner or prison guard.
To do this, we decided to set up a simulated prison and then carefully note the effects of this institution on the behavior of all those within its walls. Zimbardo's primary reason for conducting the experiment was to focus on the power of roles, rules, symbols, group identity and situational validation of behavior that generally would repulse ordinary individuals.
The team selected the 24 applicants whose test results predicted they would be the most psychologically stable and healthy. The prison had two fabricated walls, one at the entrance, and one at the cell wall to block observation.
They were given rest and relaxation areas, and other comforts. Twelve of the 24 participants were assigned the role of prisoner 9 plus 3 potential substituteswhile the other 12 were assigned the role of guard also 9 plus 3 potential substitutes.
Zimbardo took on the role of the superintendent, and an undergraduate research assistant the role of the warden. Zimbardo designed the experiment in order to induce disorientationdepersonalizationand deindividuation in the participants. The researchers held an orientation session for guards the day before the experiment, during which guards were instructed not to harm the prisoners physically or withhold food or drink.
In the footage of the study, Zimbardo can be seen talking to the guards: We're going to take away their individuality in various ways. In general what all this leads to is a sense of powerlessness.The appeal of the experiment has a lot to do with its apparently simple setup: prisoners, guards, a fake jail, and some ground rules.
But, in reality, the Stanford County Prison . The Hawthorne effect has been widely discussed in psychology textbooks, particularly those devoted to industrial and organizational urbanagricultureinitiative.comr, some of the more recent findings suggest that many of the original claims made about the effect .
Consensus statement about the BBC Prison Study and the Stanford Prison Experiment. Response to new revelations about the Stanford Prison Experiment. New paper in Annual Review of Law and Social Science. Receive latest news via RSS.
. Conclusions of Hawthorne Studies / Experiments The conclusions derived from the Hawthorne Studies were as follows: The social and psychological factors are responsible for workers' productivity and job satisfaction.
Oct 10, · Stanford Location in the United States Stanford Location in California Stanford University (Stanford ; officially Leland Stanford Junior University) is a private research university in Stanford, California, adjacent to Palo Alto and between San Jose and San Francisco.
"Stanford County Prison" experiment a study of the psychological effects of becoming a prisoner or prison guard.
The experiment was conducted at Stanford University from August 14 to August 20,