Position Once you have the controlling idea, add your support paragraphs and an introduction if needed and a conclusion if needed. What you have is a rough plan or outline.
Download the PDF Col. Ross Coffman, 1st Brigade, 1st Armored Division brigade commander seated, left centerhis brigade staff, and battalion commanders listen to an intelligence brief during the Leader Training Program at the National Training Center 22 January Army photo by Capt.
All military professionals should answer this question in the affirmative, but, sadly, this is not the case. Utility is the only criterion necessary for relevancy.
Utility is defined here as an ability to contribute to planning by improving understanding, focusing planning, and improving efficiency. The fact that criticism exists indicates the existing doctrine has some rough edges and needs revision.
The following are two examples that fuel the criticism and illustrate the importance of settling the COG concept so that its utility is realized rather than obfuscated. During Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm, a lack of common and well-developed COG definitions resulted in poor unity of effort and synchronization.
Norman Schwarzkopf selected three centers of gravity rather than focus on one. Both services considered the weapons of mass destruction COG necessary, albeit a distraction.
George Casey to misidentify the true COG. Planners briefed him on two centers of gravity: One planner, using a then-current doctrinal method, recommended the Iraqi government.
I proposed the population as the COG. Casey selected the Iraqi government as the COG. Months later in the insurgency rose to new levels of violence.
David Petraeus took command and implemented a population-centric counterinsurgency strategy. His strategy saw significant elements of the population turn against the insurgents, resulting in coalition and Iraqi security forces rolling back the insurgency.
These critics exist throughout the force and run from junior to senior leadership. They are in the headquarters and military schools and therefore have tremendous influence on the application or misapplication of the concept.
Addressing their criticisms is critically important to resolving the not fully realized utility of the concept. To persuade military planners that the concept is relevant, we first need to understand the objections.
The Practitioners The practitioners who claim the COG concept is unsettled theory have a valid point. Decades of literature debating what the concept is and ever-changing definitions based on metaphors rather than logic I counted five changes in Army and joint doctrine since have left the planning community confused.
Anything that is so controversial, debatable, unclear, and continually changing is a weak foundation on which to build a plan. Thus planners, understandably, shy away from it in search of something more solid. These critics admit that while the concept is not currently useful due to doctrinal flaws, poor definitions, and a lack of a clear methodology for identification and analysis, it can become useful.
To support the concept, the practitioners need sound theory and doctrine that provide more logical definitions coupled with better methods of COG identification and analysis.Describe the Army writing standards IAW AR The Elements of Effective Writing Writing in the Army Style Revision Date: 31 March Five Step Writing Process # 5 Step 5: Proof- Now you are ready to proof your draft.
At this point concentrate on the.
PART TWO THE ARMY LEADER: PERSON OF CHARACTER, PRESENCE AND INTELLECT Army leaders recognize that organizations, built on mutual trust and confidence, successfully accomplish missions. Everyone in the Army is part of a team and functions in . SOME SPECIFIC GUIDANCE ON ARMY CORRESPONDENCE 1.
INTRODUCTION. Army Regulation , Preparing and Managing Correspondence, the five steps of effective writing, and elements of style are common to all memorandums. Three common modifications are the Informal Memorandum, Memorandum for Record, and Memorandum of Agreement.
The largest collection of Army unit histories, included those submitted in accordance with AR , is maintained by the U.S. Army Military History Institute, Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania The structure of Army Writing is simple and consists of which two elements?.
(2) Adhere to the basic elements of an Army inspection as described in AR (a) Measure performance against a standard. (b) Determine the magnitude of the problem(s).