The revolution started with the efforts to overthrow the president Porfirio Diaz. The oppressive regime of Porfirio Diaz did not give people the freedom to express their opinions, their democratic right to choose public officials and there were many cases of injustices that were happening in the country.
The middle and upper classes were dissatisfied with the power in the hands of a select few, and the working and lower classes no longer could tolerate the poor working conditions, low wages, inferior housingever-rising inflation, and lack of social services for themselves and their families.
What is not well-known about this revolution, however, is the role that women played in restoring democratic rule and stability to the country. These women, called Soldaderas, or "soldier women," were involved in politics, strong advocates for social and political causes, and participants in the wars' numerous battles.
The term "soldadera" stems back to the Spanish Conquest. The Aragon soldiers would give their money to soldadera or a servant, who purchased food and supplies. InHernan Cortez was given 20 women slaves to cook and grind corn for maize bread. Malinalli Tenepal, who later would be called La Malinche, can be thought of as a soldadera, because she started out as a simple foot soldier to the level of someone equal to a conquistadora.
The history of women soldiers in Mexico began in pre-Columbian times. These female soldiers went by a variety of names including soldadas, soldaderas, Amazons, coronelas and Adelitas.
Even some of the earliest roles that women performed in wars were similar to those of revolutionaries and males. Mexico had long been a patriarchal society, with women acting as second-class citizens, spending all their time with their family and church life.
The situation became even more repressive in when the government passed the Mexican Civil Code; single women were given similar rights as their male peers but had to live with their parents until the age of Married women lost all their rights.
They could not file for divorce, vote, engage in lawsuits draw up a contract of any kind, dispose of or administer their personal property, make decisions about their children's education or even tutor anyone except their husband.
Inthe Chamber of Deputies passed a bill legalizing divorce, but all other rights were still unavailable. It comes as no surprise, therefore, that the Mexican Revolution motivated many women to leave their homes and fight against the discrimination of both their government and the men in power.
They had the opportunity to be in control of their own destiny and move out of their oppressive homes and family lives. Many other women, whose husbands were forced to fight against the rebels, did not want to break up their families, so went to war.
Soldaderas in the Mexican Revolution: How the Women “Adelitas” Helped Win Mexico’s Revolution Women played an essential role in Mexico’s cultural shift towards economic and racial equality during the early 20th century. The Mexican Civil Code passed in under the regime of Porfirio Diaz, restricted the women’s rights at home and at work. The Mexican Revolution gave the Mexican women an opportunity to control their lives, live freely and independently. The Mexican women were an important element in the revolution. This essay aims to construct a historical narrative on women’s roles during the Mexican revolution and explores two Mexican playwrights and their plays on the Mexican Revolution: María Luisa Ocampo, El corrido de Juan Saavedra () and Elena Garro, Felipe Ángeles ().
Others, according to some historians, were forced by their husbands to accompany them to battle. They were either made to be sexual companions or enslaved camp followers.
It was said that "Loyalty of the soldier's wife is more akin to that of a dog to its master than to that of an intelligent women to her mate". In addition, bythe government started drafting women and forcing them to contribute to the federal army. They worked in the state- owned power mills or acted as chefs.
A member of the American Press described the role of Soldaderas: They foraged for food, cooked and helped set up the camps. In many cases, they proved themselves much more honorable than the men. A nurse, Beatriz Gonzalez Ortega, was tending the wounded from both sides of a battle.
Pancho Villa, as other guerrilla leaders, often executed his prisoners after winning a major battle. Gonzalez burned the uniforms of all the wounded, so no one could tell the difference between the federal and revolutionary troops.
She refused to provide any information even when being whipped and threatened with death. Under the pseudonym of Pedro Herrera, Petra Herrera disguised her gender so she could fight alongside her male peers.
She assumed leadership roles and responsibilities and distinguished herself with military leadership of men. Finally, she revealed her identity, despite the fear of discrimination and immediate dismissal.
Instead, she continued to demonstrate her abilities and formed her own brigade of women fighters.Whilst the Revolution itself did not open much space for women in society or politics, the revolutionary education women were given did inspire many women to create spaces for themselves.
The Revolution’s education did not directly benefit women in the same way it benefited men, but women benefited indirectly from it and were gradually able to . - The Mexican Revolution There was a huge revolution in the country of Mexico that started in the year , led by Porfirio Diaz, the president of Mexico in In the ’s Diaz was important to Mexican politics and then was elected president in The book Fearless Women in the Mexican Revolution and the Spanish Civil War written by Tabea Alexa Linhard which has a very detailed analysis of the women’s role in the Mexican Revolution.
Women in the Mexican Revolution Women played many different roles during the Mexican Revolution. Some continued to participate in their traditional role as spouses to their soldier husbands. Some were used as pawns in the conflict, forced to do the bidding of the men who controlled it.
This is thus why this essay focuses on the significance of Mexico’s revolutionary education and whether it was the Revolution’s education which opened spaces, or whether women .
Women started to establish their place in the society. The revolution gave them a chance to control their lives and their own fate and live a successful public life.
The Mexican Revolution therefore changed women roles both during and after the war.